Oct 22, 2021
Climate change killed off the Woolly mammoth and NOT hunting by humans, study shows
This news has been received from: the-sun.com
All trademarks, copyrights, videos, photos and logos are owned by respective news sources. News stories, videos and live streams are from trusted sources.
Global warming happened so fast that vegetation disappeared and they starved to death.2The Woolly Mammoth was wiped out by climate change 4,000 years agoCredit: Getty - Contributor
The giant Ice Age herbivore's demise around 4,000 years ago has been debated for centuries.
Until now, prehistoric hunters had been the main suspects.
The cousins of today's elephants lived alongside early humans and were a regular staple of their diet.
The skeletons of the hairy animals were used to build shelters, harpoons were carved from their giant tusks, and artwork featuring them is daubed on cave walls.
Analysis of plant and animal remains, including urine, faeces and skin cells, now reveals that our ancestors were not responsible for the mammoth's demise.
The animals became extinct because when the icebergs melted, it became too wet for them to survive because the vegetation they ate was wiped out.Most read in ScienceExclusiveTALKING WITH DINOSAURS Dinosaurs loved to gather for a gossip 200m years ago, study findsNORSE HOLIDAY Viking settlers were living in America in 1021, ancient solar storm revealsRED PLANET TRAVEL Toaster-sized atomic clock may let humans travel to MARS – and beyondOUT OF THIS WORLD Empire State Building-sized asteroid set to whiz past Earth in WEEKSHALLEY HELL! Orionid Meteor Shower: See fiery chunks from Halley's Comet TONIGHTSUN-BELIEVABLE! Another Solar Storm could hit Earth on FRIDAY unleashing 'power grid chaos'
Researchers looked at remains taken from soil samples collected over a period of 20 years from sites in the Arctic where mammoth remains were found.
New technology means scientists no longer have to rely on DNA samples from bones or teeth to gather enough genetic material to recreate a profile of ancient DNA.
The 10-year research project was led by Professor Eske Willerslev, a fellow of St John's College, University of Cambridge, and director of The Lundbeck Foundation GeoGenetics Centre, University of Copenhagen.
Prof Willerslev said: "Scientists have argued for 100 years about why mammoths went extinct.
"Humans have been blamed because the animals had survived for millions of years without climate change killing them off before, but when they lived alongside humans they didn't last long and we were accused of hunting them to death.
"We have finally been able to prove that it was not just the climate changing that was the problem, but the speed of it that was the final nail in the coffin - they were not able to adapt quickly enough when the landscape dramatically transformed and their food became scarce.
"As the climate warmed up, trees and wetland plants took over and replaced the mammoth's grassland habitats.
"And we should remember that there were a lot of animals around that were easier to hunt than a giant woolly mammoth - they could grow to the height of a double decker bus."
Dr Yucheng Wang, first author of the paper and a research associate at the Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, said: "The most recent Ice Age - called the Pleistocene - ended 12,000 years ago when the glaciers began to melt and the roaming range of the herds of mammoths decreased.
"It was thought that mammoths began to go extinct then but we also found they actually survived beyond the Ice Age all in different regions of the Arctic and into the Holocene - the time that we are currently living in -- far longer than scientists realised."
Prof Willerslev concluded: "This is a stark lesson from history and shows how unpredictable climate change is - once something is lost, there is no going back.
"Precipitation was the cause of the extinction of woolly mammoths through the changes to plants.
"The change happened so quickly that they could not adapt and evolve to survive."
The study is published in Nature.2Precisely what killed off the huge beasts has been a topic of debate for decadesCredit: Getty Scuba divers find HUGE Ice Age mammoth bone in Florida river
In other news, scientists are planning to bring ancient beasts such as the Woolly Mammoth back to life using DNA splicing.
A woolly mammoth's astonishing life has been retraced – by scanning its six foot tusk.
An unusual fossil with a series of spikes has been revealed to be the remains of a new species of dinosaur.
And, a sharp-toothed, tree-climbing dinosaur discovered by researchers has been dubbed the "Monkeydactyl".
We pay for your stories! Do you have a story for The Sun Online Tech & Science team? Email us at email@example.com
News Source: the-sun.com
Sergio Ramos backs former Barcelona rival Lionel Messi to win Ballon d’Or leaving Real Madrid fans fuming
REAL MADRID fans are fuming after their hero Sergio Ramos backed team-mate and former Barcelona star Lionel Messi to win the Ballon d'Or.
The two players were bitter rivals for years while playing for Spain's top two clubs.2Sergio Ramos is tipping his foe-turned-friend Lionel Messi to win the Ballon d'OrCredit: Reuters
But now they are winding down their careers playing for Paris Saint-Germain, with the pair playing in the same team for the first time at the weekend.
Messi bagged three assists to overshadow Ramos' debut in a 3-1 away win at St Etienne.
And speaking after the game Ramos, 35, is tipping his new mate to win football's top prize.
The 180-cap Spain international told ESPN: He's in good shape, and I think he's the kind of player who really makes a difference.
"He's a unique player and it's a privilege to have him in the team.
"I think that bit by bit, each of us is going to bring our own quality to make Paris Saint-Germain even greater and achieve the things we want to achieve."STIM WIN 'Surprise' bonus stimulus check of $285 for families before ChristmasFINAL PICTURES Off White designer Virgil Abloh is seen in NYC just a month before his death'awkward!' Kourtney & Travis slammed as 'inappropriate' for PDA in front of Penelope, 9GRIZZLY GONE Game of Thrones' Bart the Bear II dead at 21'MY LOVE' Lindsay Lohan announces she is engaged to Bader Shammas and shows off huge ringExclusiveHUMBLE DIGS Inside VPR alum Beau & Stassi's $290K Florida vacation home after firing'PLEASE STOP' Teen Mom fans shocked as Farrah shows off her butt with daughter SophiaPUTIN’S POWER Russia begins mass production of 6670mph nuke missile 'too fast to block'HOLIDAY SPIRIT Kylie shows off Christmas tree in rare social media post after Astroworld 'AMAZING' Mama June’s daughter Pumpkin praised for post-baby bod in new Thanksgiving pics
FREE BETS: GET THE LATEST BETTING SIGN UP OFFERS AND FREE BETS
Ramos was then asked if he wants Messi to win the Ballon d'Or, to which he answered: 'Yes, of course, I'm going to defend the guys in my team."
And that has NOT gone very well with Los Blancos supporters.
One wrote on Twitter that his 'place is now far from Madrid', while another slammed him for 'supporting the enemy'.
Others described it as 'the strangest thing', while Matthew Clark posted that it will 'sting' Real Madrid fans.
According to reports Messi is set to win his seventh Ballon d'Or title later today.
And organiser France Football has already informed the Argentine of his victory, as per tradition.
Messi, 34, already holds the record for most Ballon d'Or titles with six, and victory this year would put him two ahead of Cristiano Ronaldo.2Ronaldo and Messi are both named in the Ballon d'Or all-time best XI
⚽ Read our Football news live blog for the very latest rumours, gossip and done dealsLionel Messi names five teams he fears more than Chelsea in Champions League and snubs former club Barcelona